menu icon

Common Questions

We’re thinking about adopting

Last reviewed in July 2022 by the Clicklaw Editors

Adoption in BC is governed by a provincial law called the Adoption Act. Anyone who lives permanently in BC can apply to adopt, including opposite- and same-sex couples.

There are four different types of adoptions:

  • placement by the director of adoption (who works for the Ministry of Children and Family Development),
  • placement by an adoption agency,
  • direct placement (when the birth parent places a child with a non-relative), and
  • relative adoption (adoption by a relative or step-parent).

Good starting points include:

  • Adoption, from the Legal Aid BC, is a fact sheet that defines adoption, sets out how adoption works in BC, and provides links to other resources.
  • Adoptions from the provincial government provides information on how to adopt a child in BC or from another country.
  • Adoption of a child, from People's Law School, provides an overview of the adoption process.
  • JP Boyd on Family Law: Family Relationships, from the Courthouse Libraries BC, contains a detailed section on Adoption.

Need more help?

See our related common questions:

adoption, adoption agency, international adoption, adopting